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Class gnu.regexp.RE

java.lang.Object
   |
   +----gnu.regexp.REToken
           |
           +----gnu.regexp.RE

public class RE
extends REToken
RE provides the user interface for compiling and matching regular expressions.

A regular expression object (class RE) is compiled by constructing it from a String, StringBuffer or character array, with optional compilation flags (below) and an optional syntax specification (see RESyntax; if not specified, RESyntax.RE_SYNTAX_PERL5 is used).

Various methods attempt to match input text against a compiled regular expression. These methods are:

  • isMatch: returns true if the input text in its entirety matches the regular expression pattern.
  • getMatch: returns the first match found in the input text, or null if no match is found.
  • getAllMatches: returns an array of all non-overlapping matches found in the input text. If no matches are found, the array is zero-length.
  • substitute: substitute the first occurence of the pattern in the input text with a replacement string (which may include metacharacters $0-$9, see REMatch.substituteInto).
  • substituteAll: same as above, but repeat for each match before returning.
  • getMatchEnumeration: returns an REMatchEnumeration object that allows iteration over the matches (see REMatchEnumeration for some reasons why you may want to do this instead of using getAllMatches.

    These methods all have similar argument lists. The input can be a String, a character array, a StringBuffer or an InputStream of some sort. Note that when using an InputStream, the stream read position cannot be guaranteed after attempting a match (this is not a bug, but a consequence of the way regular expressions work). Using an REMatchEnumeration can eliminate most positioning problems.

    The optional index argument specifies the offset from the beginning of the text at which the search should start (see the descriptions of some of the execution flags for how this can affect positional pattern operators). For an InputStream, this means an offset from the current read position, so subsequent calls with the same index argument on an InputStream will not necessarily be accessing the same position on the stream, whereas repeated searches at a given index in a fixed string will return consistent results.

    You can optionally affect the execution environment by using a combination of execution flags (constants listed below).

    Author:
    Wes Biggs

    Variable Index

     o REG_ANCHORINDEX
    Execution flag.
     o REG_DOT_NEWLINE
    Compilation flag.
     o REG_ICASE
    Compilation flag.
     o REG_MULTILINE
    Compilation flag.
     o REG_NOTBOL
    Execution flag.
     o REG_NOTEOL
    Execution flag.

    Constructor Index

     o RE(Object)
    Constructs a regular expression pattern buffer without any compilation flags set, and using the default syntax (RESyntax.RE_SYNTAX_PERL5).
     o RE(Object, int)
    Constructs a regular expression pattern buffer using the specified compilation flags and the default syntax (RESyntax.RE_SYNTAX_PERL5).
     o RE(Object, int, RESyntax)
    Constructs a regular expression pattern buffer using the specified compilation flags and regular expression syntax.

    Method Index

     o getAllMatches(Object)
    Returns an array of all matches found in the input.
     o getAllMatches(Object, int)
    Returns an array of all matches found in the input, beginning at the specified index position.
     o getAllMatches(Object, int, int)
    Returns an array of all matches found in the input string, beginning at the specified index position and using the specified execution flags.
     o getMatch(Object)
    Returns the first match found in the input.
     o getMatch(Object, int)
    Returns the first match found in the input, beginning the search at the specified index.
     o getMatch(Object, int, int)
    Returns the first match found in the input, beginning the search at the specified index, and using the specified execution flags.
     o getMatch(Object, int, int, StringBuffer)
    Returns the first match found in the input, beginning the search at the specified index, and using the specified execution flags.
     o getMatchEnumeration(Object)
    Returns an REMatchEnumeration that can be used to iterate over the matches found in the input text.
     o getMatchEnumeration(Object, int)
    Returns an REMatchEnumeration that can be used to iterate over the matches found in the input text.
     o getMatchEnumeration(Object, int, int)
    Returns an REMatchEnumeration that can be used to iterate over the matches found in the input text.
     o getMinimumLength()
    Returns the minimum number of characters that could possibly constitute a match of this regular expression.
     o getNumSubs()
    Returns the maximum number of subexpressions in this regular expression.
     o isMatch(Object)
    Checks if the input in its entirety is an exact match of this regular expression.
     o isMatch(Object, int)
    Checks if the input string, starting from index, is an exact match of this regular expression.
     o isMatch(Object, int, int)
    Checks if the input, starting from index and using the specified execution flags, is an exact match of this regular expression.
     o substitute(Object, String)
    Substitutes the replacement text for the first match found in the input.
     o substitute(Object, String, int)
    Substitutes the replacement text for the first match found in the input beginning at the specified index position.
     o substitute(Object, String, int, int)
    Substitutes the replacement text for the first match found in the input string, beginning at the specified index position and using the specified execution flags.
     o substituteAll(Object, String)
    Substitutes the replacement text for each non-overlapping match found in the input text.
     o substituteAll(Object, String, int)
    Substitutes the replacement text for each non-overlapping match found in the input text, starting at the specified index.
     o substituteAll(Object, String, int, int)
    Substitutes the replacement text for each non-overlapping match found in the input text, starting at the specified index and using the specified execution flags.
     o toString()
    Return a human readable form of the compiled regular expression, useful for debugging.
     o version()
    Returns a string representing the version of the gnu.regexp package.

    Variables

     o REG_ICASE
     public static final int REG_ICASE
    
    Compilation flag. Do not differentiate case. Subsequent searches using this RE will be case insensitive.

     o REG_DOT_NEWLINE
     public static final int REG_DOT_NEWLINE
    
    Compilation flag. The match-any-character operator (dot) will match a newline character. When set this overrides the syntax bit RE_DOT_NEWLINE (see RESyntax for details). This is equivalent to the "/s" operator in Perl.

     o REG_MULTILINE
     public static final int REG_MULTILINE
    
    Compilation flag. Use multiline mode. In this mode, the ^ and $ anchors will match based on newlines within the input. This is equivalent to the "/m" operator in Perl.

     o REG_NOTBOL
     public static final int REG_NOTBOL
    
    Execution flag. The match-beginning operator (^) will not match at the beginning of the input string. Useful for matching on a substring when you know the context of the input is such that position zero of the input to the match test is not actually position zero of the text.

    This example demonstrates the results of various ways of matching on a substring.

    String s = "food bar fool";
    RE exp = new RE("^foo.");
    REMatch m0 = exp.getMatch(s);
    REMatch m1 = exp.getMatch(s.substring(8));
    REMatch m2 = exp.getMatch(s.substring(8),0,RE.REG_NOTBOL);
    REMatch m3 = exp.getMatch(s,8);
    REMatch m4 = exp.getMatch(s,8,RE.REG_ANCHORINDEX);

    // Results:
    // m0 = "food"
    // m1 = "fool"
    // m2 = null
    // m3 = null
    // m4 = "fool"

     o REG_NOTEOL
     public static final int REG_NOTEOL
    
    Execution flag. The match-end operator ($) does not match at the end of the input string. Useful for matching on substrings.

     o REG_ANCHORINDEX
     public static final int REG_ANCHORINDEX
    
    Execution flag. The match-beginning operator (^) matches not at position 0 in the input string, but at the position the search started at (based on the index input given to the getMatch function). See the example under REG_NOTBOL.

    Constructors

     o RE
     public RE(Object pattern) throws REException
    
    Constructs a regular expression pattern buffer without any compilation flags set, and using the default syntax (RESyntax.RE_SYNTAX_PERL5).

    Parameters:
    pattern - A regular expression pattern, in the form of a String, StringBuffer or char[].
    Throws: REException
    The input pattern could not be parsed.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The pattern was not a String, StringBuffer or char[].
    Throws: NullPointerException
    The pattern was null.
     o RE
     public RE(Object pattern,
               int cflags) throws REException
    
    Constructs a regular expression pattern buffer using the specified compilation flags and the default syntax (RESyntax.RE_SYNTAX_PERL5).

    Parameters:
    pattern - A regular expression pattern, in the form of a String, StringBuffer, or char[].
    cflags - The logical OR of any combination of the compilation flags listed above.
    Throws: REException
    The input pattern could not be parsed.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The pattern was not a String, StringBuffer or char[].
    Throws: NullPointerException
    The pattern was null.
     o RE
     public RE(Object pattern,
               int cflags,
               RESyntax syntax) throws REException
    
    Constructs a regular expression pattern buffer using the specified compilation flags and regular expression syntax.

    Parameters:
    pattern - A regular expression pattern, in the form of a String, StringBuffer, or char[].
    cflags - The logical OR of any combination of the compilation flags listed above.
    syntax - The type of regular expression syntax to use.
    Throws: REException
    The input pattern could not be parsed.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The pattern was not a String, StringBuffer or char[].
    Throws: NullPointerException
    The pattern was null.

    Methods

     o version
     public static final String version()
    
    Returns a string representing the version of the gnu.regexp package.

     o isMatch
     public boolean isMatch(Object input)
    
    Checks if the input in its entirety is an exact match of this regular expression.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], or InputStream.
     o isMatch
     public boolean isMatch(Object input,
                            int index)
    
    Checks if the input string, starting from index, is an exact match of this regular expression.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o isMatch
     public boolean isMatch(Object input,
                            int index,
                            int eflags)
    
    Checks if the input, starting from index and using the specified execution flags, is an exact match of this regular expression.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    eflags - The logical OR of any execution flags above.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getNumSubs
     public int getNumSubs()
    
    Returns the maximum number of subexpressions in this regular expression. If the expression contains branches, the value returned will be the maximum subexpressions in any of the branches.

     o getMinimumLength
     public int getMinimumLength()
    
    Returns the minimum number of characters that could possibly constitute a match of this regular expression.

    Overrides:
    getMinimumLength in class REToken
     o getAllMatches
     public REMatch[] getAllMatches(Object input)
    
    Returns an array of all matches found in the input.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getAllMatches
     public REMatch[] getAllMatches(Object input,
                                    int index)
    
    Returns an array of all matches found in the input, beginning at the specified index position.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getAllMatches
     public REMatch[] getAllMatches(Object input,
                                    int index,
                                    int eflags)
    
    Returns an array of all matches found in the input string, beginning at the specified index position and using the specified execution flags.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    eflags - The logical OR of any execution flags above.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getMatch
     public REMatch getMatch(Object input)
    
    Returns the first match found in the input.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getMatch
     public REMatch getMatch(Object input,
                             int index)
    
    Returns the first match found in the input, beginning the search at the specified index.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getMatch
     public REMatch getMatch(Object input,
                             int index,
                             int eflags)
    
    Returns the first match found in the input, beginning the search at the specified index, and using the specified execution flags. If no match is found, returns null.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    eflags - The logical OR of any execution flags above.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getMatch
     public REMatch getMatch(Object input,
                             int index,
                             int eflags,
                             StringBuffer buffer)
    
    Returns the first match found in the input, beginning the search at the specified index, and using the specified execution flags. If no match is found, returns null. If a StringBuffer is provided and is non-null, the contents of the input text from the index to the beginning of the match (or to the end of the input, if there is no match) are appended to the StringBuffer.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    eflags - The logical OR of any execution flags above.
    buffer - The StringBuffer to save pre-match text in.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getMatchEnumeration
     public REMatchEnumeration getMatchEnumeration(Object input)
    
    Returns an REMatchEnumeration that can be used to iterate over the matches found in the input text.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getMatchEnumeration
     public REMatchEnumeration getMatchEnumeration(Object input,
                                                   int index)
    
    Returns an REMatchEnumeration that can be used to iterate over the matches found in the input text.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o getMatchEnumeration
     public REMatchEnumeration getMatchEnumeration(Object input,
                                                   int index,
                                                   int eflags)
    
    Returns an REMatchEnumeration that can be used to iterate over the matches found in the input text.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    eflags - The logical OR of any execution flags above.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o substitute
     public String substitute(Object input,
                              String replace)
    
    Substitutes the replacement text for the first match found in the input.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    replace - The replacement text, which may contain $x metacharacters (see REMatch.substituteInto).
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o substitute
     public String substitute(Object input,
                              String replace,
                              int index)
    
    Substitutes the replacement text for the first match found in the input beginning at the specified index position.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    replace - The replacement text, which may contain $x metacharacters (see REMatch.substituteInto).
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o substitute
     public String substitute(Object input,
                              String replace,
                              int index,
                              int eflags)
    
    Substitutes the replacement text for the first match found in the input string, beginning at the specified index position and using the specified execution flags.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    replace - The replacement text, which may contain $x metacharacters (see REMatch.substituteInto).
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    eflags - The logical OR of any execution flags above.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o substituteAll
     public String substituteAll(Object input,
                                 String replace)
    
    Substitutes the replacement text for each non-overlapping match found in the input text.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    replace - The replacement text, which may contain $x metacharacters (see REMatch.substituteInto).
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o substituteAll
     public String substituteAll(Object input,
                                 String replace,
                                 int index)
    
    Substitutes the replacement text for each non-overlapping match found in the input text, starting at the specified index.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    replace - The replacement text, which may contain $x metacharacters (see REMatch.substituteInto).
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o substituteAll
     public String substituteAll(Object input,
                                 String replace,
                                 int index,
                                 int eflags)
    
    Substitutes the replacement text for each non-overlapping match found in the input text, starting at the specified index and using the specified execution flags.

    Parameters:
    input - The input text.
    replace - The replacement text, which may contain $x metacharacters (see REMatch.substituteInto).
    index - The offset index at which the search should be begin.
    eflags - The logical OR of any execution flags above.
    Throws: IllegalArgumentException
    The input text was not a String, char[], StringBuffer or InputStream.
     o toString
     public String toString()
    
    Return a human readable form of the compiled regular expression, useful for debugging.

    Overrides:
    toString in class Object

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